Difference between Arbitration and Conciliation
Difference between Arbitration and Conciliation

Difference between Arbitration and Conciliation

ADR stands for alternative dispute resolution is a technique that is utilized to resolve disputes and disagreements between parties. Arbitration and conciliation are two types of ADR utilized as other options to resolve clashes. Notwithstanding their similarities, there are various contrasts between how the procedures of arbitration and conciliation are completed.


Arbitration, a type of ADR, is a strategy for the dispute settlement outside from the courts. The parties related to dispute refer it to arbitration by one or more than one individuals (“arbiters”, “arbitrators” or “arbitral tribunal”), and consent to accept the decision made in arbitration.


Conciliation is ADR procedure where parties related to dispute utilize a conciliator, who arranges the meeting with both parties independently and together trying to determine their disparities. They do this by bringing down strains, enhancing interchanges, deciphering issues, and helping parties in finding a commonly satisfactory result.

Arbitration VS Conciliation

The article below gives a clear diagram and talks about the contrasts amongst arbitration and conciliation.

  • Meaning:

Arbitration is actually procedure of dispute settlement in which fair-minded third party is named to concentrate on dispute and listen both parties to reach at decision required for both parties.

Conciliation is a strategy for dispute settlement, wherein an autonomous individual assists both parties to reach at arranged settlement.

  • Represent:

Arbitration is represented by the Arbitration Act 1996 in UK. The others speak to more adaptable plans that permit the parties to work out.

Conciliation is strategy whereby a go-between will endeavor to determine from every party what their points are and after that proposing conceivable arrangement.

  • Legal proceeding:

Arbitrage is a genuine legitimate proceeding.

Conciliation is a casual endeavor to settle down a matter without the courts.

  • Power:

An arbitrator usually has power to uphold his decision.

Conciliators don’t have power to implement his choice.

  • Agreement:

In arbitration, agreement is needed before dispute settlement, which should be in written form.

In conciliation, no agreement is needed.

  • Availability:

Arbitration is available for both future and existing disputes.

Conciliation is only available for existing disputes.

  • Correspondence:

In arbitration, a board of arbitrators listen the case of both sides and inspects proof to come at a decision.

In conciliation, mostly all correspondence experiences by conciliator who is completely trusted by both sides.

  • Methodology:

In arbitration, every side would assemble at courthouse and talk about the matter in subtle element, and many times, the discussions turn out to be very tense. In arbitration it is not remarkable for arbitrator to incidentally stop the procedures in light of the fact that the contentions get to be counterproductive, and this job is to guarantee that conversations move alongside in a manner that will at last make a resolution. The arbitrator almost has complete power over the meeting.

In conciliation, both sides are placed separate to maintain a strategic distance from the tense discussion that happens in arbitration. The conciliator transfers messages forward and backward between the two parties and guides the discussion towards settlement that everybody can concur on.


From above article we can conclude that despite the fact that conciliation and arbitration have particular contrasts as far as legitimate power, both techniques used for settling dispute.