Difference between Bacterial Cell and Human Cell

The bacteria are the most prehistoric and smallest unicellular organism. The composition of bacterial cell is extremely straightforward. The cell demonstrates prokaryotic association.  The human cell is more mind blowing and progressive. Human cells are compassed of  a clear, envelope known as cell membrane that acts as an outer boundary of the human cell. The bacterial-human cell proportion is 10:1! That implies for each human cell in your body, there are about 10 bacterial cells.

Bacterial Cell

Bacteria, regardless of their openness, contain a very much developed cell structure. Numerous auxiliary components are unique for bacteria and are not found among eukaryotes. The cell structure of microscopic organisms has been very much concentrated, uncovering numerous biochemical rule that have been along these lines connected to different life forms.

Human Cell

A human cell has hereditary material contained in the nucleus and in the mitochondria. In human the atomic genome is partitioned into 46 DNA particles called chromosomes, having 22 homologous chromosome sets. The mitochondrial genome is a roundabout DNA atom unique from nuclear DNA.

Bacterial Cell VS Human Cell

In this article we are going to discuss the contrasts between these two types of cell so that we can get clear understanding about structure of cell.

  • Cell Wall:

In bacteria cell thick defensive cell wall exists covering the entire cell.

In human cell, cell wall does not exist.

  • Cytoplasmic Bridge:

In bacterial cell, no cytoplasmic bridge exists because there is just a single cell so there is no need of inter- cellular transportation in bacterial cell.

In human cell, cytoplasmic bridges exist which help in inner transportation of cell in the middle of neighboring cells.

  • Shape:

Bacterial cell exists in many shapes such as circle, oval etc.

Human cell exists only in two shapes which are oval or spherical.

  • Cell Membrane:

In bacterial cell, cell membrane is fabricated of phospholipid bi-layer. But the membrane has no sterols.

In human cell, cell membrane is fabricated of lipid bi-layer in the company of phosphate particles. It behaves as hydrophilic to outside and hydrophobic in the internal wall.

  • Cell Appendages:

In bacterial cell, cell appendages exist. There is flagellum that helps in movement and pili is used for sexual multiplication.

In human cell, cell appendages are generally missing. Aside from ciliated cells exist in respiratory tract and gut.

  • Nucleus:

In bacterial cell, nucleus does not exist. Rather nuclear substance such as DNA is available in cytoplasm. No core, professed as prokaryote

In human cell, major nucleus with its membrane is present. This is purported as a eukaryote type.

  • Division:

In bacteria cell, mitosis and meiosis occurs. Mitosis results two cells whereas meiosis results four cells.

In human cell, all cells experience mitosis. Just ovum and sperm development is done by meiosis. Whereas nerves cells never go for division.

  • Movement:

Bacterial cell can precede onward their own with help of flagella for ordinary needs.

Human cell does not undergo any movement, with the exception of ova and sperm. However, white blood cell stream in the fluid.


From the above article we can conclude that human cell doesn’t have cell wall, cell appendages and no movement is there whereas bacterial cell have these things.