Difference between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism
Difference between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism







Difference between Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism, otherwise called overactive thyroid, happens when the thyroid gland produces more thyroid hormones, subsequently quickening the body’s functions. Interestingly, hypothyroidism is the aftereffect of an underactive thyroid that is not discharging enough thyroid hormones, which prompts to the backing off of body’s functions.


Hypothyroidism, additionally called low thyroid or underactive thyroid, is a typical issue of the endocrine framework in which thyroid organ does not create sufficient thyroid hormone. It can bring about various indications, for example, poor capacity to endure cold, tiredness, clogging, depression, and increase in weight.


Hyperthyroidism is the condition that happens because of over the top generation of thyroid hormone by thyroid gland. Signs and indications shift amongst individuals and may incorporate crabbiness, muscle shortcoming, dozing issues, a quick pulse, and warm narrow mindedness, amplification of the thyroid, diarrhea and weight reduction

Hypothyroidism VS Hyperthyroidism

This comparison looks at the causes that can be vary, indications that are regularly inconspicuous and not self-evident, analysis, and treatment choices for hypothyroidism as well as hyperthyroidism.

  • Meaning:

Hypothyroidism is often called as underactive thyroid because it is the reduced level related to thyroid hormones and thus reduces the speed of body’s natural function.

Hyperthyroidism is commonly called as overactive thyroid because due to this level of thyroid hormones increases and leads to increase in the speed of body’s function.

  • Causes:

The main cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto’s sickness, otherwise called “chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis”. Some other causes that lead to hypothyroidism are Thyroiditis, an excess of iodine, hyperthyroidism medications, genetics and other medications.

The main cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves’ ailment, otherwise called “toxic diffuse goiter”. Some other causes include Thyroiditis, iodine insufficiency, thyroid nodules and medications.

  • Treatment:

Common treatment for hypothyroidism includes synthetic thyroid hormone such as Levothyroxine or deliberately checked iodine supplementation.

Common treatment for hyperthyroidism includes Antithyroid medicine such as Methimazole, to moderate overactive thyroid and, in some cases, beta blockers such as Propranolol, to lighten symptoms.

  • Common:

Hypothyroidism is likely more common disease. About 5% of U.S can be to the degree that 20% if what is viewed as “normal” range is marginally balanced. Ladies more get in this disease because of impacts of pregnancy.

Hyperthyroidism is less common as only 1% of U.S. gets in overactive thyroid. Women more get in this disease because of impacts of pregnancy.

  • Appetite:

In hypothyroidism, weight of the patient increases however less appetite is there.

In hypothyroidism, weight of the patient decreases but appetite increases.

  • Temperature Intolerance:

Hypothyroidism patients usually suffer from cold intolerance.

Hyperthyroidism patients usually suffer from Heat intolerance

  • In Pets:

In pets, hypothyroidism can happen, however less basic than hyperthyroidism.

In pets, hyperthyroidism occurs in around 2% of cats more than 10 years old and in 1 to 2 percent of dogs.

  • Hair:

In hypothyroidism, hair of the patients becomes brittle and thin.

In hyperthyroidism, hair of the patients becomes soft and fine.

  • Skin:

In hypothyroidism, skin of patients becomes coarse and dry.

In hyperthyroidism, skin of the patients becomes moist and warm.


From the above article we can conclude that hypothyroidism and hyperthyroidism, both are the diseases related to thyroid glands which affect the body’s function.