Difference between Tuberculosis and Pneumonia
Difference between Tuberculosis and Pneumonia

Difference between Tuberculosis and Pneumonia

Tuberculosis and pneumonia are the diseases caused in lungs. Tuberculosis is a contamination of lungs brought on by means of Mycobacterium species, the most widely recognized pathogen being Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Tuberculosis primarily happens in the lungs; in any case, it might happen in different organs such as bones. Pneumonia is a provocative condition inside the lungs delivered as an aftereffect of contamination that basically influences the alveoli.

Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious disease brought on by the bacterium named Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB). Tuberculosis for the most part influences the lungs, yet can likewise influence different parts of the body. The symptoms of TB are fever, chronic cough, weight loss and night sweats.

Pneumonia

Pneumonia is an incendiary state of the lung influencing principally the infinitesimal air sacs called as alveoli. The prominent symptoms and signs incorporate a changing seriousness and blend of dry cough, fever, chest pain and inconvenience in breathing, contingent upon the basic cause.

Tuberculosis VS Pneumonia

  • Microorganism:

Tuberculosis is caused by the bacteria.

Pneumonia can be caused by virus, bacteria or fungi.

  • Species:

Tuberculosis can be caused by the bacteria of mycobacterium species.

Pneumonia can be cause by the virus or bacteria of different species like Streptococcus, Escherichia, Staphylococcus, Legionella, and Chlamydia.

  • Organs:

Tuberculosis can affect the lungs, genito-urinary system and skeletal system.

Pneumonia only has its affect on lungs.

  • Symptoms:

The main symptoms of tuberculosis incorporate weakness, chronic cough, haemoptysis and fever.

The main symptoms of pneumonia incorporate headache, fever, myalgia, sweating and dry cough.

  • Sputum:

In tuberculosis, sputum is either absent or mild and generate non-productive cough.

In pneumonia, sputum is present in bulk and with the productive cough.

  • Diagnosis:

Tuberculosis is diagnosed with the help of different tests that include Mantoux test, Nuclear Amplification Test and Chest Radiographs.

Pneumonia can be diagnosed with the help of Chest Radiographs.

  • Treatment:

Tuberculosis is a disease which is treated with the help of Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Streptomycin and Ethambutol.

Pneumonia is a disease which is treated with the help of Cephalosporin or penicillin.

  • Contagious:

Tuberculosis is very contagious as it is in the air and can get by breathing in the air or from somebody who has this disease and coughed or sneezed in the air.

Pneumonia is very less contagious as it is not transmittable from one person to another.

  • Extra Pulmonary Symptoms:

There is existence of extra pulmonary symptoms in tuberculosis.

There is no existence of extra pulmonary symptoms in pneumonia.

  • Hazard Factors:

In tuberculosis, the risk factors incorporate malnutrition, silicosis, smoking and utilization of medications such as corticosteroids and Infiximab.

In pneumonia, the risk factors are not specific but incorporate the contact to nosocomial settings.

Conclusion

From the above article we can conclude that tuberculosis is a disease caused by the bacteria named mycobacterium and it affects the lungs as well as other organs and it is very contagious. Although, pneumonia is a disease caused by virus, bacteria or fungi and it only affect the lungs and it is very less contagious. Tuberculosis is treated with help of Isoniazid, Rifampicin, Streptomycin and Ethambutol whereas pneumonia is treated with the help of Cephalosporin or penicillin. Extra pulmonary symptoms are in tuberculosis but not in pneumonia.