What is Humanistic Approach?
Humanistic, humanist humanism and humanism are terms used in psychology involving the approaches which concentrates all in all individual, and uniqueness of every person. Humanism is a mental point of view that underscores the investigation of the entire individual. Humanistic therapists take a look at human conduct through the eyes of the onlooker, as well as through the eyes of the individual doing this carrying on. This implies personality is examined from the perspective of the individual’s subjective skill. According to Rogers the main concept of psychology is how people see and interpret occasions. Rogers diverted psychology towards the investigation of the self. In psychology, the humanistic approach is along these lines regularly known the “third force”.
Humanistic approach extended its impact all through the 1970s and 1980s. Its effect can be comprehended as far as three noteworthy areas:
- It offered another set of qualities for drawing closer consideration of human condition and human nature.
- It offered an extended skyline of strategies for request in the investigation of human conduct.
- It offered a more extensive scope of more viable techniques in the expert routine of human conduct.
Humanistic approach originates with the assumptions that are given below
- Free will:
Individuals have through and through freedom in will. Personal agency is actually the humanistic term used for the activity of free will. So, we can’t determine all behaviors.
- Good people:
Naturally, people are good, by means of the potential for self-improvement on the off chance that they are given the suitable circumstances.
People have a requirement of self actualization.
Individuals use indistinct thinking to shield themselves, e.g. with the help of rationalization, that is altering their genuine intentions to fit well in their self-idea.
- Considerable study:
An appropriate perceptive of human conduct can be attained only by studying the humans instead of animals.
It is not taking into account scientific techniques as Rogers did not trust they were suitable, but rather on phenomenology, in which people states their conscious encounters.
Some points related to the history of humanistic approach are given below
- Maslow in 1943 built up a progressive theory about human motivation.
- Carl Rogers in 1946 publishes considerable parts of “client- centered therapy”.
- In 1957-1958, at the welcome of Abraham Maslow and Clark Moustakas, two gatherings were done in Detroit along with therapists who were occupied with establishing an expert affiliation devoted to a more significant, more humanistic vision.
- In 1962, this development was formally propelled as the “Association for Humanistic Psychology”.
- The primary issue of the “Journal of Humanistic Psychology” showed up in spring of 1961.
Following methods are used in humanistic approach
- Qualitative methods.
- Contextual analysis.
- Casual Interviews.
- Q-Sort method.
- Open-ended questions.
Similar to each theory, some individuals observe the humanistic approach to deal with significant while others look it for various characteristic defects. A portion of the strength of this approach is explained below
- It moved the center of conduct to the individual/entire individual instead of the unconscious personality, qualities, detectable conduct and so on.
- Humanistic psychology fulfills the vast majority’s concept of what being human means since it values individual beliefs and self-satisfaction.
- In this qualitative information gives honest insight and more all encompassing data into conduct.
- It highlights the estimation of more individualistic and idiographic techniques for study.
With good points, dependably comes bad points, and in this theory case is same. The main criticisms of this theory are given below
- This approach overlooks biology
- The concepts are unscientific and subjective that is can’t dispassionately measure the self-actualization.
- Humanism disregards the unconscious personality.
- Behaviorism leads to the analyzing the human and animal conduct.
- In this approach, qualitative information is hard to analyze.
- Their faith in through and through freedom in will is contrary to the deterministic laws in science.
The humanistic approach is usually connected to moderately couple of zones of psychology contrasted with other approaches. In this manner, its commitments are constrained to zones, for example, therapy, personality, motivation and abnormality.
Humanism can pick up a superior understanding into an individual’s conduct using subjective strategies, for example, unstructured meetings. The approach additionally gave a more all encompassing perspective of human conduct, rather than the reductionist side of science.