Difference between Hedgehog and Porcupine
Difference between Hedgehog and Porcupine

Difference between Hedgehog and Porcupine

They both are similar due to some characteristics but there is also some difference between these two species. Hedgehog and porcupine are much comparable looking however different creatures with some perceptible contrasts displayed between them as to their qualities and distribution designs. In spite of their nearby appearance, some careful examining would uncover the contrasts between them. Along these lines, it is intriguing to know and clear up the instabilities about these two. In this article we are going to point out all the contrasts between them.


A hedgehog is the sharp warm blooded animals of the subfamily “Erinaceinae”, in order of “Eulipotyphla”. There are seventeen types of hedgehog in five genera, exist through regions of Africa, Asia and Europe. There are no hedgehogs local to Australia, as well as no living species local to Americas. And the average age spell of this creature is 2-5 years. It belongs to the class Mammalia.


Porcupines are warm blooded animals with a layer of sharp spines and quills that ensure against predators. The term covers two groups of creatures, the Old World porcupines and New World porcupines. Both families have a place with the Hystricognathi branch of the broad order Rodentia and show comparable layers of quills.

Hedgehog VS Porcupine

In this article we are going to giving you valuable information about hedgehog and porcupine by explaining you the contrasts between them so that you can differentiate them properly.

  • Order:

Hedgehog has a place in order Erinaceomorpha which incorporates gymnures and hedgehogs. They are actually fat and blind.

Porcupine is kind of huge rodent. The feature that differs hedgehog from others is that it has incisors which are growing continuously.

  • Species:

Hedgehogs are less various groups of creatures with only 17 species that begin from Europe, Africa and Asia.

There exist 29 species related to porcupine that are arranged in two different groups. One group is Old World porcupines and second one is new world porcupine. Old world porcupine local to Asia, Europe, and Africa whereas New World porcupines, local to South and North America.

  • Found in:

Hedgehogs inhabit usually in hedgerows, forests and meadows.

Porcupines can be usually found in temperate and tropical forests, rough outcrops, grasslands, deserts and hillsides.

  • Size:

Hedgehogs are much littler as compare to porcupines. They can achieve 5-12 inches long and 1-2.5 pounds weight.

Porcupines can achieve 25-36 inches length and 12-35 pounds weight. Porcupines additionally have 8- 10 creeps in length tail.

  • Face and feet:

Hedgehogs usually have triangular face as well as pig-like nose and little feet with smaller than usual toes and paws.

Porcupines have a round face and expansive feet with long paws which help them in hopping on the trees.

  • Life expectancy:

Hedgehog has a normal life expectancy of 2-7 years.

Porcupine can stay alive up to 27 years in wild.

  • Hibernate:

Hedgehogs hibernate amid the winter covered up under the stones, shrubs or buildings.

Porcupines are dynamic throughout the entire year.

  • Spines:

Hedgehog is a sharp spiny-skinned warm blooded animal but it has less noticeable spines. Hedgehog spines are not spiked and noxious. The characteristics on which they are recognized is their spines.

Porcupine is a spine-secured warm blooded animal and it has more noticeable spines as compare to hedgehog does.  Porcupine spines are spiked and noxious.

  • Gestation:

In hedgehog, gestation time period of female differs 35-38 days relying on species.

In porcupine, gestation time period ends for 31 weeks and it is longer as compare to hedgehogs.

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From the above article we can conclude that porcupine have more life expectancy, more gestation time period, noticeable spines and long size as compare to hedgehogs.